About us

language learning and processing in kids and adults

We use words to communicate. What we communicate, however, goes beyond what words can mean. Research in the Rochester Kinder (k/i/nder as in “kindergarten”) Lab focuses on how we express and understand intentions, emotions, and other socially meaningful information in our everyday linguistic interactions.

Our questions include:
  • How do we process rhythmic and melodic aspects of language to understand the speaker’s intentions and emotions?
  • When do we say “the big dog” rather than just “the dog”? How do we make our referring expressions both informative and concise? What happens when you don’t?
  • What do we know about different dialects and accents? Does our social background and knowledge affect how we process language?

 

Current research in the lab

Prosody and Pragmatics

What makes you sound happy or sad? How can you tell if somebody is joking or not? We study how children and adults use the melody and rhythm of speech to communicate emotions and intentions.

Learning about speaker differences

Every person is unique in the way that they talk, they use different phrases, and style (e.g., some speakers are more sarcastic than others). Do we track these kinds of differences between speakers, and can we use this information to make predictions about what a speaker is likely going to say in the future?

Learning about adjectives

We use adjectives often in every day life, and they are incredibly helpful in communication. For example, asking a friend to help you find a red key, the word red is helpful if the area you are searching contains mostly silver or gray objects, but less helpful if you are searching through a pile of red objects.

Social meanings in communication

The way we use language communicates who we are. We are interested in how children and adults extract socially meaningful information such as age, gender, and community membership of the speaker from the linguistic signal and use it to navigate communication.

 

How your participation helps us

Our goal is to understand how young children's communicative skills develop over time. By having your child participate in a Kinderlab study you are:

  • Helping add to a greater body of knowledge and further language research
  • Contributing to the understanding of how typically developing children understand different aspects of language
From your participation we can move towards using this information to answer questions on how children with certain disorders understand certain aspects of language. Our current experiments focus on mapping out typically developing children's language development, but we plan to expand our research to include bilingual children as well as children with conditions such as Autism Spectrum Disorder.

We make our experiments intellectually stimulating, encouraging children to think about how we can all speak and understand language. After participating we provide newsletters that describe the study and results as well as where our research has been published and reported. We encourage parents to ask questions about our research and we are more than happy to discuss what we have learned!

 

People in the Lab

Chigusa

Chigusa Kurumada

Assistant Professor (PI)

Andres

Andrés Buxó-Lugo

Postdoctoral Fellow

Amanda

Amanda Pogue

5th year grad student

Jenn

Jenn Andrews

Lab Manager

Crystal

Crystal Lee

Independent Study Student

Ashley

Ashley Andino

Independent Study Student

Joseph

Joseph Plvan-Franke

Undergraduate Research Assistant

Sahed

Sahed Martinez

Undergraduate Research Assistant

Rachel

Rachel Myers

Undergraduate Research Assistant

MadelineC

Madeline Clark

Undergraduate Research Assistant

Jilli

Jilli Walch

Undergraduate Research Assistant

Kit

Kit Tracy

Undergraduate Research Assistant

Julie

Julie Seok

Undergraduate Research Assistant

Bethany

Bethany Gardner

Undergraduate Research Assistant

Hayley

Hayley Orciuch

Undergraduate Research Assistant

 

Lab Alum

Sarah

Sarah Bibyk

Graduate Student

Maryam

Maryam Seifeldin

Graduate Student

Olga

Olga Nikolayeva

Lab Manager, 2014-2016

Val

Valerie Langlois

Independent Study RA, Class '16

Eugene

Eugene Rohrer

Undergraduate RA, Class '16

Wes

Wesley Orth

Independent Study RA, Class '17

Stephen

Stephen Powell

Independent Study RA, Class '17

Phyllis

Phyllis Imade

Undergraduate RA, Class '17

Katie

Katie Ward

Undergraduate RA, Class '17

Sarah D

Sarah Davis

Undergraduate RA, Class '17

Rocco

Rocco Porcellio

Undergraduate RA, Class '17

Natalie

Natalie Fuentes

Undergraduate RA, Class '17

LaurynF

Lauryn Fluellen

Undergraduate RA

Evan

Evan Hamaguchi

Undergraduate Research Assistant

Andrea

Andrea Johnson

Undergraduate RA

Perry

Perry Demarche

Undergraduate RA

Jacqueline

Jacqueline Chan

Undergraduate RA

Marisela

Marisela Lara

Undergraduate RA

Where are some of our RA's off to?

 

Join the Lab

If you are interested in joining the lab as an undergraduate research assistant, summer student or independent study student, send us an email for possible opportunities. If you are interested in persuing graduate opportunities with Dr. Kurumada please send her an email.


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  • Email the lab for RA opportunities


  • Email Dr. Kurumada for grad student information

Conferences

Conference posters the Kinder Lab has presented can be found below.

Lee, C., & Kurumada, C. (2018). Learning absolute adjective meanings through non-absolute exemplars. Poster to be presented at 31st Annual CUNY Conference on Human Sentence Processing. Davis, CA.

Gardner, B., Pogue, A., & Kurumada, C. (2018). Real-time pragmatic processing with a novel lexicon. PPoster to be presented at 31st Annual CUNY Conference on Human Sentence Processing. Davis, CA.

Dix, S., Lawrence, R., Morgan, C., & Kurumada, C. (2018). Integration of bottom-up and top-down information in on-line interpretations of scalar adjectives. Presentation given at the 92nd Annual Meeting of the Linguistic Society. Salt Lake City, UT. [January 2018 Powerpoint]

Lee, C., & Kurumada, C. (2017). Contextual inferences through variable exemplars: An artificial adjective learning study. Presentation given at the 42nd Boston University Conference on Language Development. Boston, MA. [November 2017 Powerpoint]

Kurumada, C., & Grimm, S. (2017). Roles of meaning predictability in language production and learning. Presentation given at Yale Meaning in Flux Workshop. New Haven, CT. [October 2017 Powerpoint]

Lee, C., & Kurumada, C. (2017). Roles of prototypes vs. situation-based inferences in the learning of absolute gradable adjectives. Presentation given at Yale Meaning in Flux Workshop. New Haven, CT. [October 2017 Powerpoint]

Pogue, A., & Tanenhaus, M.K. (2017). Exploring how speakers mark, and listeners assess, certainty. Poster presented at 7th Biannual Experimental Pragmatics Conference. Cologne, Germany. [June 2017 Poster]

Buxo-Lugo, A., Kurumada, C. & Watson, D. (2017). Adaptation and learning in prosodic phrasing of syntactically ambigious sentences. Poster presented at the 30th Annual CUNY Conference on Human Sentence Processing. Boston, MA.

Kurumada, C., Plvan-Franke, J., Orth, W., & Grimm, S. (2017). Communicative efficiency in language production and evolution: optional plural marking. Poster presented at the 30th Annual CUNY Conference on Human Sentence Processing. Boston, MA. [April 2017 Poster]

Orth, W., Pogue, A., & Kurumada, C. (2017). The role of context and information in the interpretation of scalar adjectives. Poster presented at the 30th Annual CUNY Conference on Human Sentence Processing. Boston, MA. [April 2017 Poster]

Pogue, A., Brown-Schmidt, S., & Kurumada, C. (2017). Casual attributions in the adaptation of pragmatic informativity assumptions. Poster presented at the 30th Annual CUNY Conference on Human Sentence Processing. Boston, MA.[April 2017 Poster]

Orth, W., Pogue, A., & Kurumada, C. (2017). Contextual factors in child adjective interpretation. Poster presented at the 31st Annual National Conference on Undergraduate Research. Memphis, TN.

Pogue, A., Kurumada, C., & Tanenhaus, M.K. (2017). Preschoolers pragmatic generalization based on scalar adjective use. Poster presented at the CSLI Workshop: Bridging Computational and Psycholinguistic Approaches to the Study of Meaning. Stanford, CA.

Pogue, A., Brown-Schmidt, S., & Kurumada, C. (2017). The role of causal attribution in the generalization of pragmatic informativity assumptions. Poster presented at the CSLI workshop: Bridging Computational and Psycholinguistic Approaches to the Study of Meaning. Stanford, CA.

Ryskin, R., Kurumada, C., & Brown-Schmidt, S. (2016). Information integration in online modulation of pragmatic inferences during language comprehension. Poster presented at the 57th Meeting of Psychonomic Society. Boston, MA.

Gardner, B., Sullivan, A., Trine, T., Jaeger, T.F., & Kurumada, C. (2016). Rapid adaptation of online pragmatic inferences on scalar adjectives. Poster presented at the 22nd Annual AMLaP Conference, Architectures and Mechanisms for Language Processing. Bilbao, Spain.

Ryskin, R., Kurumada, C., & Brown-Schmidt, S. (2016). Bottom-up adaptation of online pragmatic inferences to variability of speakers. Presentation given at the 29th Annual CUNY Conference on Human Sentence Processing. Gainesville, Florida.

Pogue, A., Kurumada, C., & Tanenhaus, M.K. (2015). Speaker-based generalization of quantity implicature in preschoolers. Presentation given at the 40th Annual Boston University Conference on Language Development. Boston, MA.

Pogue, A., Kurumada, C., & Tanenhaus, M.K. (2015). Speaker-specific generalization of pragmatic inferences based on prenominal adjectives. Presentation given at the 37th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Pasadena, CA.

Pogue, A., Kurumada, C., & Tanenhaus, M.K. (2015).Speaker-specific pragmatic generalizations based on under- vs. over-informative utterances. Presentation given at Experimental Pragmatics 2015. Chicago, IL. [July 2015 Abstract]

Pogue, A., Kurumada, C., & Tanenhaus, M.K. (2015). Exploring expectations based on speaker-specific variation in informativity. Presentation given at Formal and experimental pragmatics: methodological issues of a nascent liaison. Berlin, Germany. [June 2015 Abstract]

Ryskin, R., Kurumada, C., & Brown-Schmidt, S. (2015). Adaptation of pragmatic inferences transfers across contrastive domains. Poster presented at the 28th Annual CUNY Conference on Human Sentence Processing. Los Angeles, CA.

Kurumada, C., Brown, M., Bibyk, S., Pontillo, D., & Tanenhaus, M.K. (2014). Expectation-adaptation in incremental interpretation of contrastive prosody. Presentati given at the 27th Annual CUNY Conference on Human Sentence Processing. Columbus, OH.

More information about Kinder Lab Conferences Attended!

Publications

Publications conducted via the Kinder Lab can be found below.

Kurumada, C., & Grimm, S. (under review). Meaning predictability in grammatical encoding: Optional plural marking.

Dix, S., Gardner, B., Lawrence, R., Morgan, C., Sullivan, A., & Kurumada, C. (under review). Integration of top-down and bottom-up information in online interpretations of scalar adjectives.

Lee, C. & Kurumada, C. (under review). Learning absolute meaning from variable exemplars. [submitted manuscript] [ supplemental materials]

Ryskin, R., Kurumada, C., & Brown-Schmidt, S. (under review). Information integration in online modulation of pragmatic inferences during language comprehension. [manuscript under review]

Kurumada, C., & Brown, M., & Tanenhaus, M. K. (under review). Probabilistic inferences and adaptation in pragmatic interpretation of contrastive prosody.

Kurumada C., & Grimm, S. (2017). Communicative efficiency in language production and learning: Optional plural marking. Gunzelmann, G., Howes, A., Tenbrink, T., & Davelaar, E. (Eds.). Proceedings of the 39th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society (pp.2500-2505). [pdf]

Kurumada, C., & Brown, M., & Tanenhaus, M. K. (2017). Effects of distributional information on categorizations of prosodic contours. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review. doi: 10.3758/s13423-017-1332-6. [pdf]

Kurumada, C., & Clark, E. V. (2016). Pragmatic inferences in context: Learning to interpret contrastive prosody. Journal of Child Languge, available on CJO2016. doi:10.1017/S0305000916000246. [pdf]

Pogue, A., Kurumada, C., & Tanenhaus, M.K. (2016). Talker-specific generalization of pragmatic inferences based on under- and over-informative prenominal adjective use. Frontiers in Psychology, 6:2035. [pdf]

Kurumada C., & Jaeger, T.F. (2015). Communicative efficiency in language production: Optional case-marking in Japanese. Journal of Memory and Language, 83, 152-178. [pdf]

Pogue, A., Kurumada C., & Tanenhaus, M.K. (2015). Speaker-specific generalization of pragmatic inferences based on prenominal adjectives. Proceedings of the 38th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society. [pdf]

Kurumada, C., & Arnon, I. (2014). Language acquisition in interaction: Introduction. Arnon, I., Casillas, M., Kurumada, C., & Estigarribia, B. (Eds). Language in interaction: Studies in honor of Eve Clark. Trends in Language Acquisition Research. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. pp.1-10. [pdf]

Kurumada, C., Brown, M., Bibyk, S., Pontillo, D., & Tanenhaus, M. K. (2014). Is it or isn’t it: Listeners make rapid use of prosody to infer speaker meanings. Cognition, 133, 335-342. [pdf]

Kurumada, C., Brown, S., Bibyk, S., Pontillo, D., & Tanenhaus,M.K. (2014). Rapid adaptation in online pragmatic interpretation of contrastive prosody. Proceedings of the 37th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society. [pdf]

Kurumada, C. (2013). Contextual inferences over speakers’ pragmatic intentions: Preschoolers’ comprehension of contrastive prosody. Proceedings of the 36th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society. [pdf]

Kurumada, C., Brown, M., & Tanenhaus, M. K. (2013). Comprehension and acquisition of contrastive prosody:Rational inference helps adults and children cope with noisy input. The 26th CUNY conference of sentence processing, South Carolina, March 21st. [presentation slides]

Kurumada, C., Brown, M., & Tanenhaus, M. K. (2012). Pragmatic interpretation of speech: It looks like speech adaptation. The proceedings of the 35th annual meeting of the Cognitive Science Society, Sapporo, Japan, August. [pdf]

Activities

What is the Kinder Lab up to?

Feburary/March 2018

Are you looking for something to do with the kids on these cold winter days? Do both you and your kids love reading? Well then, the Kinder Lab has the perfect thing for you! We have partnered up with Barnes & Noble - College Town (1305 Mt Hope Ave.) to bring you Story-Times of some of your favorite children's classics! We expect to start up again the first weekend of February with more information to follow!

More information about Kinder Lab Community Events!

What does the Kinder Lab do outside the lab?

 

Sign up to participate

Please fill out the following form and we will get in touch when we have a study available for your family.

Get in touch

University of Rochester Kinder Lab
423 Meliora Hall
Rochester, NY 14627
585-273-4764
email: rockinderlab@gmail.com